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Turkey

Official name
The Republic of Turkey

Date of formation
October 29, 1923

Capital
Ankara 

Large cities
Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya


Area
814.578 km2

Geographic coordinates

26° and 45° East longitude, 36° and 42° North longitude.

Coastal borders
The Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Aegean Sea in the west and the Black Sea in
the north

Language 
Official language - Turkish. In major cities, English is widely spoken.

Currency
TL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro is equal to an average of 2.30 Turkish liras. 

Time zone

GMT +2; CET +1; and EST (USA - East) +7

Business day
In Turkey, a business week is from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and most private firms’ offices are open from 9.00 am to 17.00 pm.

Official holidays
Holidays in Turkey are divided into two parts: official holidays celebrated annually in the same day, and religious holidays celebrated each year at different times, depending on changes in the calendar.

January 1, April 23, May 1, May 19, August 30, October 28 and 29
Ramazan Bayram (Feast of Ramadan) August 30 - September 1, 2011
Kurban Bayram (Feast of Sacrifice): November 7-9, 2011.


Visa
Entry visa required from citizens of many countries can be easily obtained at the airport.

Electricity
220 V. A pair standard plug of standard European type is used.

Health services
In cities and major tourist centers there are various international private clinics and public hospitals providing high quality services.

Meals
As in many Mediterranean countries, Turkish cuisine is very healthy, fresh and delicious.

Water
Tap water contains chlorine and is safe to drink. All the same, we recommend choosing ready-to-use and sold at an affordable price bottled water.

Communication services
In Turkey, there are three GSM mobile operators, each of which provides 3G services and covering approximately 95% of the area. Internet access is available in all the four sides of the country.

International telephone code
+90






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